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AM and PM are abbreviations that tell us whether the time occurs in the morning or in the afternoon/evening.

- AM occurs in the morning. It stands for
which means*ante meridiem***"before midday".**You can think of it as "**before noon**". - PM occurs in the afternoon and evening. It stands for
which means*post meridiem***"after midday".**You can think of it as "**after noon**".

In the AM/PM system of time, a 12-hour clock is used. That means that the morning goes up until 12:00 noon and it starts over again with 01:00 and goes through 12:00 midnight.

In contrast, a 24-hour clock does not start over after 12:00 noon. The next hour (which we normally think of as 1:00 PM) is 13:00, then 14:00 etc. Time goes all the way up until 24:00 midnight which can also be called 00:00 because it is the start of the next day.

**What is 7:00 PM on a 24-hour clock?**

7:00 PM is after noon, so this is 7 hours past 12:00.

So we will **add:** 12 + 7 = 19

**Answer: 19:00 **

**It is 21:10 hours. What time is it on a regular 12-hour clock?**

It is past noon, so let's **subtract** 12 hours to see how far past noon it is.

21 - 12 = 9, so it is 9:10 (The minutes won't change),

It is PM because it is after noon.

**Answer: 9:10 PM**

**On a 24-hour clock, it is 06:55. What time is it on a 12-hour clock with AM/PM?**

Since it's less than 12:00, the time will not change.

This is before noon, so it is AM

**Answer: 6:55 AM**

**What is 12:05 PM on a 24-hour clock? **

12:05 PM is just barely in the afternoon, but we don't need to change the time at all because it is hasn't yet started over with 1:00.

**Hence, the answer is: 12:05**

Summary

**AM/PM & 24-Hour Clock**

- AM occurs in the morning. It stands for
which means*ante meridiem***"before midday"**. You can think of it as "before noon". - PM occurs in the afternoon and evening. It stands for
which means*post meridiem***"after midday".**You can think of it as "after noon". - A 24-hour clock does not start over after 12:00 noon. The next hour (which we normally think of as 1:00 PM) is 13:00, then 14:00 and so on and so forth.

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